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The history of the Jews in Anatolia, however, started many centuries before the migration of Sephardic Jews. have been uncovered in the Aegean region, where Jews lived and traded in the ancient cities of Ephesus, Sardis, Pergamon, and Smyrna (renamed Izmir by the Turks).Remnants of Jewish settlement from the 4th century B. The historian Josephus Flavius relates that Aristotle Second and third century Greek inscriptions tell of a flourishing Jewish community in Smyrna. and traces of other Jewish settlements have been discovered near Bursa, in the southeast and along the Aegean, Mediterranean and Black Sea coasts.In 1493, only one year after their expulsion from Spain, David & Samuel ibn Nahmias established the first Hebrew printing press in Istanbul. Joseph Nasi, appointed the Duke of Naxos, was the former Portuguese Marrano Joao Miques.

left their land, their property, their belongings all that was theirs and familiar to them rather than abandon their beliefs, their traditions, their heritage.

In the faraway Ottoman Empire, one ruler - Sultan Bayazid II- extended an immediate welcome to the persecuted Jews of Spain, the Sephardim.

and for the love we bear to our subjects, we cannot permit the Jewish nation, whose innocence for the crime alleged against them is evident, to be worried and tormented as a consequence of accusations which have not the least foundation in truth...".

century, Abraham de Camondo established a modern school, "La Escola", causing a serious conflict between conservative and secular rabbis which was only settled by the intervention of Sultan Abdulaziz in 1864.

The Republic of Turkey, a transcontinental country located mostly on Anatolia in Western Asia and East Thrace in Southeastern Europe, has a Jewish history dating back possibly to the 4th century B. Learn More - Cities of Turkey: Amasiya | Ankara | Antioch | Atil | Aydin | Bayramiç | Bursa | Edessa | Edirne | Ezine | Gallipoli | Istanbul | Izmir | Lapseki | Manissa | Mardin | Mersin | Nisibis | Sarūj | Tokat | Kurdistan At midnight August 2, 1492, when Columbus embarked on what would become his most famous expedition to the New World, his fleet departed from the relatively unknown seaport of Palos because the shipping lanes of Cadiz and Seville were clogged with Sephardic Jews expelled from Spain by the Edict of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain.

Today the Jewish population of Turkey is approximately 18,500, with 17,000 Jews living in Istanbul.The creator may have been Shabetai Zvi, the pseudo Messiah and founder of the Sabbatean movement.In reaction to Zvi, Izmir's Jews withdrew from any secular pursuits.In the free air of the Ottoman Empire, Jewish literature flourished. Shlomo ha Levi Alkabes composed the a hymn which welcomes the Sabbath according to both Sephardic and Ashkenazi ritual. Rabbi Abraham ben Isaac Assa became known as the father of Judeo-Spanish literature.On October 27, 1840 Sultan Abdulmecid issued his famous ferman concerning the "...In 1537 the Jews expelled from Apulia (Italy) after the city fell under Papal control, in 1542 those expelled from Bohemia by King Ferdinand found a safe haven in the Ottoman Empire.

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